Vocabulary

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    Abstract:  Art that places emphasis on the distortion of reality.
     
    Abstract Expressionism:  A post WWII art movement in which artists used motion to guide the principles and elements of arts in their compositions.
     
    Additive Sculpture:  Make by joining together materials to build up a sculpture.

    Aesthetics:  The study of beauty in all its forms; an awakening of the senses.

    Architect:  An artist who plans and designs building.
     
    Architecture:  The art of designing and making buildings. 

    Asymmetrical:  Balance that does not look the same on both sides.
     
    Baroque:  17th century art movement that emphasized perspective, strong contrast and ornamentation.

    Background:  Parts of a picture that look farther away or behind other objects.
     
    Balance:  When all sides of an artwork go together to create a feeling of evenness.

    Calligraphy:  The art of beautiful writing.

    Cartoon:  A visual image which emphasizes humor.

    Center of Interest:  The part in a work of art to which your eye is first drawn to.
     
    Collage:  An artwork made by pasting a variety of objects or paper to a flat surface.

    Color:  The element of art that stimulates the eye the most. Also called “hue”.

    Color Wheel:  A circle divided into sections of different colors. It shows how colors can be mixed or used together.

    Complementary Colors:  Colors found opposite one another on the color wheel.

    Contour Drawing:  Inside and outside movement of an object.
     
    Contrast:  Differences in relation to each other.

    Cool Colors:  Colors that remind you of cold. Blue, green, violet and their
    related colors.

    Critique:  To describe, analyze, interpret, and judge works of art with the ability to back up your opinions.

    Cubism:  20th century art movement that emphasizes structure and design. Three-dimensional objects are pictured from many points of view at the same time.

    Curve:  Lines that bend and change direction slowly.
     
    Depth:  The appearance of distance on a flat surface.

    Design:  The organization of art elements & principles into a structure. 

    Dominant:  Prevailing over all others in a composition.

    Elements of Art:  The important things artists see in the world that are put together to create an artwork. Line, shape, color, texture, form, value and space.

    Emphasis:  When important elements in a composition are focused on. 

    Evaluate:  To measure, classify, or judge.

    Exaggerate:  To make much larger than actual size. 

    Expression:  The act of putting thought or feelings into words, images or actions.

    Fauvism:  A French art movement in which the painters, called "wild beasts,” used vigorous line and intense color.

    Focal Point:  The main area of interest.

    Foreground:  The part of a picture that looks the closest.
     
    Form:  Created when shapes are joined together to enclose space. 

    Free-Form Shape:  Any shape that is not geometric.

    Geometric Shape:  Circles, squares, rectangles, and triangles.

    Gesture Sketch:  A quick sketch to capture movement or action of an object. 

    Harmony:  An arrangement of elements that is pleasing to the eye.
     
    Hatching:  A type of shading in which fine lines placed at different distances apart create lights and darks.

    Hieroglyphics:  Characters in the picture writing systems of the ancient Egyptians.

    Highlight:  A small area of white used to show the very brightest spot on an object.

    Horizon Line:  The line where water or land seems to end and the sky begins.
     
    Hue:  Another word for “color”.
     
    Illustrator:  An artist who creates pictures for books, magazines or ads. 

    Implied texture: Using lines to represent textures, e.g., lines that represent hair, or lines that represent scales on a fish.

    Impressionism:  Late 19th century art movement that emphasized the effects of light on an everyday subject.

    Interior Designer:  An artist who decorates the inside of a building.

    Intermediate Color:  Color created by mixing one primary color and one secondary color, that are next to each other on the color wheel.

    Jeweler:  An artist who designs jewelry.
     
    Jewelry:  3-dimensional art made for people to wear.
     
    Kiln:  An oven for firing ceramics.
     
    Kinetic Art:  Art which moves. 

    Line:  A path a point has followed. 

    Logo:  A visual symbol for a business, club or group.

    Media:  The materials used by an artist.

    Middle Ground:  The area between foreground and background.

    Mobile:  A delicately balanced sculpture that has movement and is suspended in space.

    Monochromatic:  Using one color, including the lights and darks of that color.
     
    Mood:  The feeling created by a work of art.
     
    Mosaic:  A picture made by fitting together tiny pieces of colored tiles, stones, paper on other materials.

    Motif:  A shape or object that is repeated.

    Movement:  Using various elements to give the illusion of motion in a composition.

    Mural:  A large work of art painted on a wall.
     
    Negative Shape:  The area around positive shapes.

    Negative Space:  The space around the object often called the background.

    Neutral Colors:  Colors used to create values of other colors. White, gray, black.
     
    Non-Objective Art:  A modern style of art that does not represent an image.
     
    One-Point Perspective:  A way to show depth in which everything disappears at one point (vanishing point) on the horizon line.

    Overlap:  Occurs when parts of an artwork somewhat cover other parts. 

    Papier Mache:  Torn paper strips soaked in paste and molded together to create a sculpture.

    Perspective:  Showing distance in a picture that is made on a flat surface.
     
    Pointillism:  A form of art created by dots.

    Pop Art:  Artistic style used in the 1960’s featuring subject matter from popular culture.

    Portrait:  A picture of a person. 

    Positive Shape:  The solid objects in a composition.

    Positive Space:  The space inside of the object.

    Primary Colors:  Colors from which others can be made: red, yellow and blue.
     
    Principles of Design:  Laws or rules that help in making good designs. A way to organize the elements of art in an artwork. Balance, movement, variety, proportion, rhythm, unity, and emphasis.

    Print Relief:  A print that is created off of a raised surface.

    Printmaking:  The process of producing an image by applying pressure to transfer ink from a prepared plate to paper.

    Proportion:  The relation of two or more things compared to each other. 

    Radial Pattern:  A pattern that comes out from a central point.

    Random Rhythm:  When a motif is repeated in no particular order.

    Realism:  Mid 19th century style in which artists painted familiar scenes as they actually were.

    Relief:  A form of 3-dimensional art that is flat on one side and projects out on the other side.

    Renaissance:  Period of awakening at the end of the Middle Ages characterized by an interest in classical art, development of perspective, and realistic rendering of the figure.

    Repetition:  When an artist repeats line, colors or textures in a composition.
     
    Rhythm:  A regular repeating of lines, shapes, colors, or patterns. 

    Romanticism:  Early 19th century art movement featuring dramatic scenes, exotic settings, loose composition, and emphasized the feelings of the artist.

    Rubbing:  A design made of pressing a crayon or soft pencil over a paper covering a textured object.

    Sarcophagus:  A mummy case.

    Sculptor:  An artist who makes sculpture.

    Sculpture:  Three-dimensional works of art.

    Secondary Colors:  Colors made by mixing two primary colors. Green, orange, and violet.

    Shade:  Any dark value of a color.

    Shape:  A flat figure created when lines meet and enclose a space.

    Silhouette:  An outline of a shape without any details inside, like a shadow.
     
    Space:  The area around or inside shapes and forms.

    Stabile:  A rigid mobile mounted on a platform so it stands up.

    Still Life:  An arrangement of objects that do not move.

    Stitchery:  Art made with yarn or cloth.
     
    Subtractive Sculpture:  Taking away from a medium to create a composition.

    Symmetry:  A kind of balance in which the two sides of a picture are exactly alike. Mirror Image.

    Tactile Texture:  Texture you can feel.

    Tempera:  An opaque, water soluble paint.

    Tertiary Colors:  Colors made by using 3 analogous colors (e.g. yellow-green).

    Texture:  The way a surface feels to the touch or appears to feel.

    Three-Dimensional:  Having a front & back, top & bottom, and sides. Three dimensional art has height, width and depth.

    Two-Dimensional:  Artwork on a flat surface.
     
    Unity:  When all the parts of an artwork look like they belong together.
     
    Value:  The lightness or darkness of a color.

    Vantage Point:  The position or angle from which you look.
     
    Visual Texture:  What in a picture appears to have texture (e.g., a photograph of a cactus) - simulated texture.

    Visualize:  To picture in the mind’s eye. 

    Warm Colors:  Colors that remind you of heat. Red, orange, yellow and their related colors.

    Warp Threads:  Vertical threads attached to a loom.

    Weft Threads:  Threads that are woven over and under the warp threads.
     
    Zigzag (line):  Diagonal lines that connect and change direction sharply.